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5G vs. Fiber Optic Internet: The Next Generation of Speed and Connectivity

June 14, 2024 0 Comments

What is 5G internet? 

5G represents the fifth generation of mobile networking, succeeding 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G. Designed to connect objects, individuals, and devices, 5G promises significant innovations and benefits over its predecessors.

Evolution of Internet Speeds

  • 1G: 2.4 kbps
  • 2G: 64 kbps
  • 3G: 144 kbps
  • 4G: 100 Mbps to 1 Gbps
  • 5G: Expected to deliver 20 Gbps peak data rates and 100+ Mbps average data rates

5G vs. 4G and Fibre-Optic Internet

5G is expected to deliver peak data rates of 20 Gbps and average rates exceeding 100 Mbps. This is a significant leap from the current fastest fibre-optic speeds of 1 Gbps. 

While 4G LTE networks offer speeds around 12.5 MB/s, 5G could reach speeds as high as 2.5 GB/s. This means a 3GB file that takes 30 minutes to download on 4G could take only 35 seconds on 5G. 

Global Implementation and Investment

Ericsson predicts that by 2024, 5G will cover 40% of the world and handle 25% of all mobile traffic. This rollout requires substantial investment, with over $4.2 billion projected to be spent on 5G infrastructure.

Wireless but Not Entirely

5G replaces the physical last-mile connection with a wireless one, though the core network will still rely on fibre-optic cables. The challenge lies in ensuring individual connections maintain high performance despite potential congestion and physical barriers.

Cost-Effective Installation

Compared to fibre-optic internet, 5G installation is cheaper and less labour-intensive. The plug-and-play nature of 5G means faster, easier deployment, making it a more attractive option for many.

Concerns and Myths

There have been many concerns raised about the safety of the 5G internet. The radio waves emitted by 5G devices and towers are similar to those emitted by previous generations of mobile technology and are well below international safety standards.

Will 5G Replace Fiber Optic Internet?

Despite the impressive advancements of 5G technology, it will not replace fibre optic internet. Instead, 5G will serve as a crucial complement, especially for last-mile connectivity, while fibre optics will continue to play an integral role in the core network infrastructure. 

ISPs will need to navigate a future where both technologies play a crucial role. Broadband market is expected to grow at a steady rate and ISPs will continue to play a dominant role in deploying last mile fibre for fixed broadband services. ISPs will need to manage operations to be efficient and scale as their networks grow.

Jaze ISP Manager enables ISPs to streamline business operations and scale along with growing subscribers added to ISP networks. Click here for more information on Jaze ISP Manager.

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Breaking the Bandwidth Wall: AI’s Impact on System Architecture

June 10, 2024 0 Comments

As artificial intelligence (AI) models continue to grow, system design limitations have become the primary bottleneck. With advancements in conversational AI, computer vision, and recommender systems, AI models with hundreds of trillions of parameters are on the horizon. 

However, to sustain this growth, significant architectural innovations are essential, as current system designs are struggling to keep pace.

The Rapid Expansion of AI Workloads

The expansion of AI models has been astounding.

  1. Transformer Model (2019): This was the largest natural language processing (NLP) model at the time, boasting 465 million parameters, fewer than the synapses in a honeybee’s brain.
  2. Gshard MoE (Mid-2020): This model included more than a trillion parameters, roughly the same number of synapses as a mouse brain.
  3. Future Projections: NVIDIA projects that by 2023, AI models could reach 100 trillion parameters, equivalent to the synapses in a macaque brain. If this trend continues, models with human-level synapse counts could soon be within reach. However, this is contingent upon the evolution of our computing infrastructure.

Overcoming Interconnect Bottlenecks

To keep up with the rapid growth of AI models, computational throughput must increase significantly. This means either adding more nodes or boosting the communication speed between nodes. However, even today’s most advanced systems face interconnect bandwidth limitations, maxing out at hundreds of gigabits per second (Gbps). 

Current Limitations: Copper-based interconnects face limitations in bandwidth, cost, power, density, weight, and configuration.

Tight Coupling Requirements: Today’s AI architectures rely heavily on GPU-HBM (high-bandwidth memory) and GPU-GPU communication, creating tight coupling requirements and increased latency due to the necessity of routing through the CPU to access DRAM.

Pivoting to Optical I/O and New Architectures

To address these challenges, a fundamental shift towards photonics, or optical I/O, is necessary. This technology uses light pulses instead of electrical signals to transmit data. 

  • Higher Bandwidth: Optical I/O offers a significant boost in data transfer speed, enabling communication between components at much faster rates.
  • Lower Latency: Light travels faster than electricity, reducing the time it takes for data to travel between processing units. 

With optical fiber there is practically no limitation on the amount of bandwidth that can be transferred and this will be critical to upcoming AI models.

ISPs and bandwidth providers will need to be ready to scale up their systems to cater to the increased bandwidth demands with the proliferation of AI.

This would require support for newer BNG routers with newer architectures such as CUPS which will help cater to increased bandwidth demands without high hardware costs.

Jaze ISP Manager integrates with all leading BNG providers to deliver high throughput RADIUS and DIAMETER services to cater to increased throughput and volume requirements of the future. 

Click here for more details.

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GPON Networks: The Future of Telecommunications

June 3, 2024 0 Comments

The world is moving towards an “always connected” reality, with growing numbers of devices demanding ever-increasing bandwidth. This surge in data creates a critical need for robust, secure, and sustainable network solutions. GPON (Gigabit Passive Optical Network) technology stands out as a frontrunner in meeting these demands.

What is GPON?

GPON utilizes fiber optic cables to transmit massive amounts of data between a central point and multiple distributed locations, spanning up to 20 kilometers. As the name suggests, it’s a passive network, meaning it doesn’t require any electrical equipment in the signal path, reducing energy consumption.

How Does it Work?

A GPON network consists of an OLT at the central office. This OLT communicates with ONTs installed at user locations through a fiber optic cable. One OLT port can manage up to 64 ONTs, with passive optical splitters dividing the signal efficiently. Data travels downstream (OLT to ONT) at 2.5 Gigabits per second (Gbps) and upstream (ONT to OLT) at 1.25 Gbps, offering superior broadband capabilities.

GPON transmission relies on a single optical path between the OLT and ONT, using different wavelengths: 1490nm downstream and 1310nm upstream.

Traditional Network vs. GPON

Downstream Transmission: In downstream transmission, data is packaged and addressed at the OLT, distributed in a “broadcast” manner. Each ONT only collects data specifically addressed to it.

Upstream Transmission: In upstream transmission, multiple ONTs send data to the OLT via a single fiber. This is achieved through time slots, where each ONT transmits information in its designated slot.

Technological advancements have led to enhanced GPON protocols like XG-PON, NG-PON2, and XGS-PON, which offer 10 Gbps transmission in both directions.

Key Benefits of GPON Networks:

Superior Bandwidth:  GPON offers significantly higher bandwidth compared to traditional copper networks, enabling faster downloads, uploads, and seamless streaming.

Long-Term Scalability: The underlying fiber optic infrastructure in GPON networks boasts a lifespan exceeding 25 years. Upgrading the network to handle future bandwidth demands only requires replacing terminal equipment, not the entire fiber optic cabling.

Sustainability Champion:  By reducing reliance on electrical equipment, GPON networks consume considerably less energy, making them a more environmentally friendly solution.

Cost-Effective:  Lower equipment requirements and a low-maintenance passive network translate to significant cost savings for both network operators and users.

Applications of GPON Networks:

GPON networks are revolutionizing how we connect, with applications extending beyond traditional internet access:

Remote Work: Reducing the need for commuting, allowing more time for other activities.

Remote Health Services: Minimizing travel and providing faster service.

Online Government Services: Streamlining public services and accelerating processes.

GPON networks are also applicable as local access networks (LANs), potentially replacing existing copper networks in:

  • Companies with numerous workstations or connection points (sensors, machine control, etc.)
  • University campuses
  • Large factories
  • Industrial zones and parks
  • Sports complexes
  • City councils

ISPs deploying GPON networks need to provision CPE devices and monitor devices for troubleshooting. Jaze ISP Manager provides TR069 based provisioning of credentials, Wi-Fi network provisioning as well as monitoring of critical statistics like fiber power levels and Wi-Fi signal strength.

Jaze ISP Manager also pulls SNMP data to monitor upload and download speeds and device statistics. This information is provided to the administrators along with the other details of the subscriber, thus enabling quick troubleshooting of issues and faster resolution leading to better customer satisfaction.

Also Jaze ISP Manager provides inventory management to manage the device life cycle right from purchase to deployment with end-to-end tracking and accountability helping you get better insights.

Click here to know more on how Jaze ISP Manager can help in managing your GPON deployment efficiently from procurement to provisioning and monitoring.

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How Much Broadband Speed Do You Really Need?

May 27, 2024 0 Comments

Network Bandwidth: The Data Highway

Network bandwidth refers to the maximum amount of data that can travel across a network connection in a given amount of time. It’s essentially the capacity of your internet pipe. The wider the pipe (higher bandwidth), the more data can flow through it, resulting in a faster and more efficient connection.

Bandwidth vs. Speed:

Many people confuse bandwidth with internet speed.Bandwidth is the capacity of the connection, whereas speed is how fast the data actually travels. Think of it like this: if bandwidth is the width of the highway, speed is how fast cars (data) are moving. A high-bandwidth connection allows more cars to travel at once, but the speed at which they move depends on various factors, such as network congestion and hardware capabilities.

Importance of Bandwidth

Bandwidth is crucial because it directly impacts the efficiency and performance of your network activities. In other words, it keeps your connection flowing smoothly. Higher bandwidth allows for:

  • Streaming high-definition videos: Video streaming services require a lot of data transfer. Without sufficient bandwidth, you might experience buffering and lag.
  • Downloading large files: Large files like games or software downloads take longer with lower bandwidth.
  • Supporting multiple devices: With more devices connected to your network (phones, laptops, tablets), bandwidth is shared. Higher bandwidth ensures a smooth experience for everyone.

How Fast is Your Internet Connection?

Traditionally, bandwidth was measured in bits per second (bps). However, with today’s high-speed connections, we more commonly use Mbps (megabits per second) or Gbps (gigabits per second) to represent bandwidth. There are two main types of bandwidth connections:

  • Symmetrical: Symmetrical connections have equal data capacities for both uploading and downloading.This is often seen in enterprise-grade internet connections.
  • Asymmetrical: Asymmetrical connections, on the other hand, have different upload and download capacities, with upload speeds typically being slower. This is more common in home internet plans.

Understanding Bandwidth Calculations:

Technology: Newer technologies like fibre optics with multiplexing can squeeze more data through a connection compared to older copper options.

Spectrum Licensing: In mobile networks (LTE, 5G), operators have licensed spectrums for data transmission, offering a more controlled environment.

Wi-Fi Spectrum: Wi-Fi uses unlicensed spectrum, so multiple access points competing for the same frequencies can lead to bandwidth congestion.

Effective Bandwidth : The highest reliable transmission rate a link can provide is measured by a bandwidth test, which involves repeatedly timing the download of a specific file from origin to destination.

Calculating Bandwidth Needs

  1. Identify Applications: Determine which applications will be in use.
  2. Application Requirements: Assess the bandwidth requirements for each application.
  3. Multiply by Users: Multiply each application’s bandwidth requirements by the number of expected simultaneous users.
  4. Sum Total Bandwidth: Add together the bandwidth requirements for all applications.

Bandwidth for Clouds and WAN Links

  1. Local vs. Wide Area Networks: Bandwidth on local area networks (LANs) is usually much higher than on WAN or DIA connections.
  2. Monitor Utilisation: Track bandwidth usage over different periods (daily, weekly, monthly, yearly) to ensure the network link has sufficient bandwidth and determine if an upgrade is necessary.

Factors Affecting Network Performance

Even with high bandwidth, other factors can impact your experience:

  1. Data Delivery: Lost data packets (packet loss) and delays (latency) hinder efficient data transmission. Additionally, fluctuations in packet arrival times (jitter) can disrupt smooth data flow.
  2. Bottlenecks: Network paths often involve multiple connections with varying capacities. The connection with the lowest bandwidth can bottleneck the entire network, limiting overall performance.
  3. Aggregated Links: Enterprise networks may use multiple connections combined into a single, logical link (aggregated link). While this increases total capacity, failure of even a single connection can reduce overall bandwidth.

The demand for bandwidth is expected to increase significantly in the coming years with the emergence of new technologies such as VR and AR. Additionally, IoT and AI will further drive the need for higher bandwidth.

Currently, a household with multiple streaming devices and users typically requires about 50 Mbps. However, this requirement is expected to rise dramatically. In response, some broadband providers have already started offering 1 Gbps plans to their subscribers.

To meet the future’s increased throughput demands, broadband providers need scalable BRAS routers.

Jaze ISP Manager integrates with all leading hardware and software BNG providers. It supports both RADIUS and Diameter protocols, offering unlimited scalability for service providers. Click here for more details.

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Get The Most Out Of Your Internet

May 20, 2024 0 Comments

In today’s connected world, a reliable internet connection is crucial. However, various factors can affect your internet speed and performance. Here’s a quick guide to understanding these factors and improving your connection.

Who Uses the Connection

The number of users and devices connected to your network significantly impacts performance. More devices and open applications mean more shared bandwidth, potentially slowing your connection. 

Connectivity between router and end devices

Your router and modem play vital roles in your internet speed. The closer your device is to the router, the better the performance. Physical obstructions like walls and floors, especially in older buildings, can weaken the Wi-Fi signal. Interference from household electronics or neighbors’ devices can also degrade performance. 


Older hardware and software might not support fast data transfer rates, limiting your connection’s efficiency. Upgrading your modem, router, and devices can enhance performance.

Home Wiring

Faulty or outdated home wiring can cause poor broadband performance. Consulting with a retail provider or electrician to inspect and update your wiring can lead to significant improvements.

Service Provider

Internet service providers (ISPs) offer plans with varying speeds, but advertised speeds are not always achievable. Providers might throttle speeds after reaching data limits, known as shaping. Choosing a reliable provider and considering a switch if necessary can improve your internet experience.

Network Type

Different network technologies, like ADSL, Fibre, or Satellite, offer varying speeds and performance. The distance from the network exchange and the capacity of the network influence the service quality.


The internet comprises numerous networks, and the location and size of the content affect speed. Data stored far away might load slower due to the long travel distance. Content providers’ investment in delivery infrastructure also impacts performance. 

ISPs will need to ensure that all the above factors are in place to ensure good end-user broadband experience. Today most high speed broadband providers deliver Internet over GPON with multi-band Wi-Fi routers. These help in delivering the required throughput to the end user.

Jaze ISP Manager streamlines the deployment and monitoring of GPON devices, providing critical insights into various aspects of network performance. It tracks the number of devices connected to home Wi-Fi networks, assesses wireless signal strength, and measures fibre power levels. These features help troubleshoot issues impacting the end-user experience, enabling superior service delivery.

Click here to get more details.

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May 10, 2024 0 Comments

In the world of computers and networks, two key metrics define performance: latency and throughput. These terms are often used interchangeably, but they represent distinct concepts. Understanding these core metrics enable network administrators and users to troubleshoot performance issues, enhance network reliability, and deliver seamless digital experiences across a multitude of applications and industries.

What is Latency?

Latency, often referred to as ping, is the time it takes for data to travel from its source to its destination. It’s essentially the delay incurred during data transmission. Imagine sending a packet of information from one point to another; the time it takes for that packet to reach its destination is latency.

Understanding Throughput

Throughput, on the other hand, measures the rate at which data is successfully transmitted from one point to another over a network within a specific timeframe. It represents the amount of data that can be transferred successfully in a given period. In simpler terms, throughput is the capacity of the network to carry data.

The Relationship Between Latency and Throughput

While both latency and throughput are crucial for network performance, they are inversely proportional. This means that increasing one typically comes at the expense of the other. For instance, if you prioritize high throughput (more data transfer), you might experience higher latency (slower data transmission speed) due to network congestion. Conversely, optimizing for low latency (faster data transmission speed) might limit throughput (data transfer rate).

Impact on Network Performance

Both latency and throughput significantly impact various network applications. Here’s a breakdown of their influence:

  • Latency-sensitive applications: Applications like online gaming, video conferencing, and real-time stock trading require low latency for smooth performance. Even minor delays can disrupt the user experience.
  • Throughput-sensitive applications: Applications that involve large data transfers, such as file downloads, video streaming, and backups, benefit from high throughput. Faster data transfer rates expedite these tasks.

Optimizing Network Performance

The ideal scenario involves achieving a balance between high throughput and low latency. This can be accomplished through various network optimization techniques, such as:

Network upgrades: Investing in higher-bandwidth infrastructure, such as fiber optic cables, can significantly boost throughput.

Traffic shaping: Prioritizing critical traffic and regulating non-essential traffic can help minimize congestion and maintain low latency.

Content delivery networks (CDNs): Distributing content across geographically dispersed servers can reduce latency for users by bringing data physically closer to them.

Jaze Network’s ISP Management Software offers a powerful solution for understanding your subscriber’s usage patterns. So that you can take decisions on optimising your network for the improved throughput and lower latency. With Jaze ISP Manager’s AAA, you can prioritize critical traffic in combination with BNGs and ensure a seamless user experience.

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Peering for ISPs: Slash Costs & Boost User Experience

May 3, 2024 0 Comments

Peering allows ISPs to directly exchange traffic with each other, bypassing middlemen and creating a more efficient pathway for your data. This translates into two major benefits for ISPs: 

  • Reduced costs and 
  • Better user experience for their customers.

1. Keeping Costs Down

Imagine paying a toll every time your customers visit a popular website. That’s essentially what happens when ISPs rely solely on traditional transit providers to route traffic. Peering agreements allow ISPs to exchange traffic directly, eliminating these transit fees and leading to significant cost savings.

2. A Faster, More Responsive Internet

Peering creates a more direct route for data to travel between networks. This reduces latency, the time it takes for data to transfer. Lower latency means websites load faster, videos stream smoother, and online games feel more responsive. Overall, it leads to a noticeably better internet connection and improves customer experience.

3. Built-in Backup:  

A strong peering network acts like a safety net. The more ISPs your network peers with, the less reliant you are on any single provider. If a connection goes down elsewhere, peered networks can provide alternative routes, keeping your service up and running.

In today’s broadband networks, more than 50% of the traffic is available via peering with Internet Exchanges. This helps to reduce transit costs and latency. Jaze ISP Manager helps you define policies that you to take advantage of your peering networks, with the support of BNG’s, to provide a better experience for your subscribers.

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April 24, 2024 0 Comments

The internet is rapidly growing in India. According to data from DataReportal in 2012, only 12.6% of the population had access to the internet. By 2022, that number had jumped to 48.7%. This incredible growth is due to several factors, including the availability of affordable mobile handsets and mobile internet connections.

As per projections by Statista, the trend of growth is expected to persist in the upcoming years. It is estimated that by 2028, approximately 244 million households will be connected online.

While urban areas have higher penetration rates, there remains a significant rural-urban disparity. Challenges such as infrastructure limitations, the digital divide, and cybersecurity concerns remain pressing issues. Additionally, tackling social and cultural barriers that might limit internet access for certain demographics will be essential for ensuring equitable participation in India’s booming digital landscape.

Despite these challenges, the future of internet penetration in India looks promising, with emerging technologies like 5G poised to further expand access. Continued policy support, investment in digital infrastructure, and efforts to enhance digital literacy will play crucial roles in shaping the internet landscape in India.

Broadband providers and last-mile fiber delivery is going to play a crucial role in the next phase of broadband growth in India. ISPs and telcos have a big opportunity ahead of them to serve the demand for Internet in the country.

Jaze Networks enables broadband providers to streamline their operations and scale their business processes effortlessly by automating day-to-day operations. All operations starting from the first point of contact with the customer to deployment can be tracked and managed from Jaze ISP Manager. Jaze Networks enables ISPs to thrive in the ever-evolving digital landscape by scaling with ease and increasing profitability. 

Click here for more information: Jaze Networks.

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Streaming Surge: Broadband Paves the Way for Increased Video Consumption in India

April 10, 2024 0 Comments

The landscape of entertainment and media consumption in India is poised for a significant transformation, with online video consumption expected to soar in the coming years. According to a recent report by Bain & Company, the nation is on the brink of a digital revolution, with a surge in broadband penetration driving the proliferation of online video content.

Image Credits : Forbes

The report attributes this growth to several factors, including:
Broadband Expansion: The rapid growth of broadband infrastructure in urban and rural areas is a key driver.

  • Internet service providers are investing in network expansion and advancements, making high-speed internet more widespread.
  • This enables seamless video streaming with minimal buffering and interruptions.

Affordability Boost: The increasing affordability of smartphones and smart devices is democratising access to online video content.

Content Explosion: A wide variety of video streaming platforms offer diverse content libraries.

  • Movies and TV shows
  • Short-form videos
  • Live streams

Two broad categories of online video consumption are:

  1. Short-Form Video Consumption
  2. Long-Form Video Consumption

The top 5 players in the SFV market—Moj (ShareChat), MX TakaTak (TimeGroup), Josh (Dailyhunt), Roposo (Glance), and Zili (Xiaomi)—account for 85% of monthly active users amongst SFV platforms. Meanwhile, the creator base for SFV is scaling in India.

The report’s findings are positive news for the Indian media and entertainment industries. Online video is a growing source of revenue for media companies, and the expected surge in consumption is likely to lead to increased investment in online video content. This, in turn, will benefit both viewers and content creators alike.

To accommodate the rising demand for bandwidth caused by the surge in video consumption, Internet Service Providers (ISPs) require larger routers and Broadband Network Gateways (BNGs). Jaze ISP Manager addresses this need by seamlessly integrating leading hardware and software BNG providers. This integration facilitates the delivery of broadband services featuring flexible plans bundled with Over-The-Top (OTT) services, all offered at competitive pricing.

Click here to learn more about automating your business processes and streamlining operations with Jaze ISP Manager.

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The Rise of OTT Streaming in India: A Battle for Viewership

April 3, 2024 0 Comments

As broadband adoption continues to rise across India, the popularity of Over-The-Top (OTT) streaming platforms is soaring. With convenient access to on-demand content and a better viewing experience, OTT services are becoming an integral part of entertainment consumption in Indian households.

According to recent data by Justwatch, Disney+ Hotstar still holds the top spot at 24%, but is facing challenges due to IPL rights loss and HBO content shift. Prime Video is a close second at 22%, while Netflix follows with 13%. Notably, Jio Cinema, Netflix, and Prime Video saw a +1% growth by December 2023.

Consolidating billing and managing OTT subscriptions effectively can save valuable time and resources. Jaze ISP Manager integrates with major OTT platforms like these, offering:

  • Triple play billing services: Bundle your internet, OTT subscription, and other services into a single bill for convenience.
  • Automated billing & payment management: No more juggling multiple bills! Jaze automates the process.
  • Automatic OTT activation & deactivation: Manage your subscriptions effortlessly through Jaze.

Stream smarter, not harder! Visit Jaze Networks to learn more about the best features of Jaze ISP Manager.

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